Environmental health is the branch of public health that is concerned with all aspects of the natural and built environment that may affect human health. Other terms that refer to the discipline of environmental health include environmental public health and environmental health and protection.
Environmental health is defined by the World Health Organization as:
Those aspects of human health and disease that are determined by factors in the environment. It also refers to the theory and practice of assessing and controlling factors in the environment that can potentially affect health.
Environmental health practitioners may be known as sanitarians, public health inspectors, environmental health specialists or environmental health officers.
Environmental health addresses all human-health-related aspects of both the natural environment and the built environment. Environmental health concerns include:
- Air quality, including both ambient outdoor air and indoor air quality, which also comprises concerns about environmental tobacco smoke.
- Climate change and its effects on health.
- Disaster preparedness and response.
- Food safety, including in agriculture, transportation, food processing, wholesale and retail distribution and sale.
- Hazardous materials management, including hazardous waste management, contaminated site remediation, the prevention of leaks from underground storage tanks and the prevention of hazardous materials releases to the environment and responses to emergency situations resulting from such releases.
- Housing, including substandard housing abatement and the inspection of jails and prisons.
- Childhood lead poisoning prevention.
- Land use planning, including smart growth.
- Liquid waste disposal, including city wastewater treatment plants and on-site waste water disposal systems, such as septic tank systems and chemical toilets.
- Medical waste management and disposal.
- Noise pollution control.
- Occupational health and industrial hygiene.
- Radiological health, including exposure to ionizing radiation from X-rays or radioactive isotopes.
- Recreational water illness prevention, including from swimming pools, spas and ocean and freshwater bathing places.
- Safe drinking water.
- Solid waste management, including landfills, recycling facilities, composting and solid waste transfer stations.
- Toxic chemical exposure whether in consumer products, housing, workplaces, air, water or soil.
- Vector control, including the control of mosquitoes, rodents, flies, cockroaches and other animals that may transmit pathogens.
- MAHSA’s Foundation in Science, CGPA 2.50 including Physics and Biology. OR Foundation Studies in Science and Engineering, CGPA 2.50 including Physics and Biology from a recognised institution.
- Trinity College Foundation Studies, 60% aggregate for three subjects : Biology/ Physics and Chemistry.
- STPM / A-Level, CGPA 2.50 for Chemistry and Biology/ Physics.
- Science Matriculation from IIUM Matriculation, CGPA 2.50 for Maths, Physics and Biology. OR other recognised institution with CGPA 2.50 for Chemistry and Biology/ Physics.
- Diploma in the related field, min CGPA 2.75, OR CGPA less than 2.75 with 3 yrs working experience
- UEC : ‘B’ in 5 subjects including Biology/ Physics and Chemistry.
- SAM : Score 24 for Biology/ Physics and Chemistry.
- CPU/CIMP/ Ontario Secondary School Diploma/ Western Australian Curriculum Council/ HSC – Sydney Australian : 60% aggregate for 3 subjects including Biology/ Physics and Chemistry.
- UNSW HSC/ New Zealand Bursary/ American High School with Advance Placement (AP) : 60% aggregate for three subjects including Biology/ Physics and Chemistry.
- IB : Min Score 24 for three subjects including Biology/ Physics and Chemistry.
- MUFY : 60% aggregate/ CGPA 2.50 for 3 subjects : Maths, Physics and Biology.
- Indian Pre-U : 60% aggregate/ CGPA 2.50 for 3 subjects : Maths, Physics and Biology.